Australian Journal of Islamic Studies 2021-01-21T14:05:11-08:00 Mehmet Ozalp Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The <em>Australian Journal of Islamic Studies</em> is an open access, double-blind peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the scholarly study of Islam. The journal publishes original research articles, essays and book reviews related to Islamic sciences to promote the flow of ideas, exchange and discussion of research findings.</p> Islamic Studies in Australia’s Higher Education Sector 2021-01-21T14:02:58-08:00 Halim Rane Adis Duderija Jessica Mamone <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This report presents an overview of the discipline of Islamic studies in the Australia’s higher education sector collected in 2017. After a brief exploration of the history of teaching Islam and Islamic studies in modern Western institutions, the report briefly discusses the types of theoretical and methodological issues that concern the contemporary discipline of Islamic studies in the Western context. This leads to the main subject matter of the report, which focuses on identifying the major Australian universities that currently offer substantial Islamic studies courses and discusses the types of majors and programs offered; the institutional background in which these majors and programs emerged and currently operate; the breakdown and content of the courses offered; and what graduate outcomes the institutions envisage for their graduates. Finally, the report makes a few brief, general and preliminary observations regarding the future of Islamic studies in the Australian context.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-21T02:16:47-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Some Critical Reflections on al-Jāḥiẓ’s Notions of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ (Innate Dispositions) 2021-01-21T14:05:11-08:00 Zaid Alamiri <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This study sheds some light on how the philosophical and theological beliefs of al-Jāḥiẓ (d. 868), as a Muʿtazilite, influenced his literary views and opinions. Among these are the concepts of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ, which are frequently mentioned in his writings. The concepts of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ originally address philosophically related theological questions, which were extended to cover literary points. On the theological level, these concepts were used to support the Muʿtazilah’s interpretation of human free will viewed in light of their belief in the unicity and justice of God. The notions of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ arose out of the Muʿtazilah’s discussion of ‘generated acts’. Regarding the literary domain, al-Jāḥiẓ applied the concepts of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ to the interpretation of littérateur creativity and his literary production. The way al-Jāḥiẓ interpreted the notions of Ṭabʿ and Ṭibāʿ displays natural determinism disguised under Divine determinism.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-21T02:18:30-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Law and Vision 2021-01-21T14:02:59-08:00 Majdi Faleh FALEHMAJDI@GMAIL.COM <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>During the 13th and 14th centuries, much was written on aḥkām an-naẓar (the rules of viewing in Islam) and aḥkām al-bunyān (the rules of building in Islamic cities). Both legal texts derived their rules from the Sharia and more specifically, its primary sources, the Qur’ān and ḥadīth. The implications of these legal texts can be noticed in some aspects of Islamic culture and behaviour as well as in the streets and organic structure of traditional Arab-Islamic cities. This research argues the rules of vision (naẓar) and building (bunyān) in both manuscripts base their theories on the Qur’ān and ḥadīth. Both legal texts also influenced people and the socio-spatial organisation of domestic architecture and the city in medieval Islam. A correlation, which exists between aḥkām an-naẓar and aḥkām al-bunyān, managed visual contacts and shaped socio-spatial arrangements in the urban design of North African Islamic cities. This research relies on analysing two medieval Islamic manuscripts: Ibn al-Qaṭṭān al-Fāsī’s book Iḥkām an-naẓar fī aḥkām an-naẓar bi-hāssat al-baṣar (Scrutinising the Rulings Concerning Seeing with the Sense of Vision) and Ibn al-Rāmi’s Kitab al-I’lan Bi-Aḥkām al-Bunyān (The Book of Pronouncing Judgments in [Matters of] Building). This research first sets the historical context in which these texts were written and discusses their influences on vision, being an inherent concept in Islam, and building, as the physical context around which life takes place. Additionally, it examines the connections between both legal texts to determine how the Qur’ān and ḥadīth shaped visual contacts in Muslim societies as well as socio-spatial structures in Islamic cities. Lastly, this research evaluates the findings based on the implications of both legal texts on the socio-spatial organisation of a specific settlement: Medina of Tunis.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-21T02:19:42-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Religions and Environmental Sustainability 2021-01-21T14:03:00-08:00 Md. Abu Sayem <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>John B. Cobb Jr. and Seyyed Hossein Nasr attempt to bring religious moral foundation into the discourse on environmental sustainability. The present study focuses how Cobb and Nasr address the ecological crisis in connection with their respective faith traditions. It investigates whether their eco-theological thoughts are complementary in contextualising religious moral foundations with the present environmental problems. By making a comparative analysis of their eco-religious understanding and suggestions, this paper shows why their eco-theological thoughts seem significant for addressing environmental issues and how their suggestions can motivate humans to protect the natural environment.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-21T02:21:01-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Civilised or Savage 2021-01-21T14:03:01-08:00 Mostafa Hany El-Gashingi <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Studying the sirah (biography of Prophet Muhammad) in today’s world is more than a mere exploration into past events, but a three dimensional and timeless study that is as relevant today as it was previously and will continue to be. Integrating the fields of social psychology and cognitive historiography, this article questions whether Prophet Muhammad ‘civilised’ a ‘savage’ society by critiquing the loaded language implicit in the question. This article instead offers that Prophet Muhammad’s leadership style was consistent with psychological theories of transformational leadership and not one that was imperialistic nor used the language present in colonialism that divided people into ‘civilised’ and ‘savage.’</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-01-21T02:22:10-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## English Translations of the Qur’an 2021-01-21T14:03:01-08:00 Abbas Brashi <p>A review of the following Arabic book:</p> <p>Aldahesh, Ali Yunis (2020). <em>English Translations of the Qur’an: A Descriptive Comparative Study in their Aspects of Disagreement</em> (<em>al-Tarjam</em><em>ā</em><em>tu al-Ingilī</em><em>ziyyaui li-Maʿā</em><em>nī</em><em> al-Qur’ā</em><em>ni al-Karī</em><em>m: Dirā</em><em>satun fī</em><em> Maḍā</em><em>hiri al-ʾ</em><em>Ikhtilā</em><em>f</em>). Cairo: Hala Publishing Company. 264pp.</p> 2021-01-21T02:15:36-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##