Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

ANZAC Muslims: An Untold Story


When the Commonwealth of Australia became immersed in two World Wars, Australian Muslims accepted the national call – they shed their blood and gave their lives for Australia’s freedom and democracy. With their Australian brothers-in-arms and allies they fought courageously with honour against their common enemies in different battlefields – but this is an almost forgotten history.

Muslims in Australia were challenged by Britain’s imperial might and by their status as British subjects and ‘aliens’ to take part in ANZAC showing their commitment to their adopted country. The virtue of justice, sense of responsibility and loyalty are peculiar qualities that find their full justification in the organised welfare of Australian society.

This pioneering article, based on ongoing research on ANZAC Muslims, makes known their unique contribution. It reveals historic facts about ANZAC Muslims who were members of what has come to be known as the Heroic Generation. Although their names have not appeared in history books, they achieved the glory of victory for a better future for new generations to come. Their contribution is part of Australian National Heritage – Lest we forget.


Australian Muslims, ANZAC, World War, Loyalty, Islam


Author Biography

Dzavid Haveric

Dr Dzavid Haveric (PhD Vic Uni., MA Deakin Uni.) is an Adjunct Research Fellow at Charles Sturt University - Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation, and a Research Associate at the Museum Victoria - Humanities Department. He has worked as a Project Officer and Program Assistant at the Parliament of the World's Religions (Melbourne) within the Victorian Multicultural Commission (VMC). He was a Research Assistant and Project Worker at the Institute for Community, Ethnicity and Policy Alternatives (ICEPA), Victoria University. He also worked as a reporter at the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) Radio Program for the Bosnian Community. He is the author of a number of books. 


  1. “AIF Men Guests At Moslem Ceremony”, Daily News (Perth, WA: 1882 - 1950), Saturday 2 November 1940, p.3.
  2. “A Patriotic Indian”, Daily Post (Hobart, Tas.: 1908 - 1918), Wednesday 5 July 1916, p.4.
  3. “Australian Moslems’s Work”, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld.: 1878 - 1954), Saturday 6 August 1949, p.4.
  4. “Big A.I.F. March This Afternoon: Another Large Mackay Draf”, Daily Mercury (Mackay, Qld. : 1906 - 1954), Thursday 15 January 1942, p. 4.
  5. “Billy Bonsop in uniform: photo” Sun (Sydney, NSW: 1910 - 1954), Tuesday 13 January 1942, p.7.
  6. Carne, JC. Moslem Albanians in North Queensland, Lectures on North Queensland History, Queensland: James Cook University of North Queensland, no. 4, pp. 184-194, 1984.
  7. Chiro, Giancarlo and Daou, Denice. The maintenance of the core cultural value and identity among the Druze community in South Australia, Adelaide: University of South Australia, 2007.
  8. Clark, Manning. A History of Australia: The old Dead Tree and the young Tree Green – 1916-1935 with an Epilogue, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1987.
  9. “Coloured Man, but a Friend”, News (Adelaide, SA: 1923 - 1954), Wednesday 12 February 1936, p. 6.
  10. “Coloured Seamen”, West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), Thursday 5 December 1946, p.3.
  11. Cousley, Alex., Siminsk, Peter, Ville, Simon. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9725, Germany: Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study of Labor, 2016.
  12. “D.F. C. Awaiting Him Here”, Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.: 1933 - 1954), Tuesday 31 July 1945, p.3.
  13. “D.F. C. was surprise for Brisbane F/O”, Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld. : 1907 - 1954), Tuesday 31 July 1945, p.1.
  14. “Drunk at the Wheel: Ex-Soldier with Excellent Record Fined £10/10”, Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record (Renmark, SA: 1913 - 1942), Friday 26 February 1926, p. 7.
  15. Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume One: 1900-1933, New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997.
  16. “Eastern Club Closing”, Western Mail (Perth, WA: 1885 - 1954), Thursday 16 November 1944, p.6.
  17. “Eastern Seamen”, West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), Tuesday 22 August 1944, p.2.
  18. “For Eastern Seamen: ‘Dell”, Western Mail (Perth, WA: 1885 - 1954), Thursday 24 August 1944, p.15.
  19. Faulkner, Samantha & Drummond, Ali. Life b'long Ali Drummond: A life in the Torres Strait, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2011.
  20. “From cameleers to citizens: Muslims in Australia, 1901–75”, Memento, Winter 2007 Issue 33, National Archives of Australia, 13, 2007.
  21. Grant, Ian. A Dictionary of Australian Military History, Australia: Random House, 1992.
  22. Hampton, Meleah. 2015, ‘The last post ceremony commemorating the service of (WX41467). .... Lance Sergeant Ma’aruff bin Shalid, Z Special Unit, Second World War’, Speech transcript, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, ACT.
  23. Imamovic, Ishak. Outlines of Islamic doctrine, Brisbane: W.R. Smith & Paterson, 1971. “In Memoriam”, Camperdown Chronicle (Vic.: 1877 - 1954), Friday 16 June 1944, p. 5.
  24. “Jerusalem as A.I. F. Captain Saw It”, Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.: 1872 - 1947), Saturday 25 January 1941, p.15.
  25. Kabir, Nahid Afrose. Anzac Day 2013: Lest we forget, Commentary No. 27, International Centre for Muslim and non-Muslim Understanding, Adelaide: University of South Australia, 2013.
  26. Kabir, Nahid Afrose. Muslims in Australia: Immigration, race relations and cultural history, New York: Routledge, 2010.
  27. Kabir, Nahid Afrose. ‘Mackay revisited: The case of Javanese-Australian Muslims, 1880- 1999’, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Philippines: Scalabrini Migration Centre vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 405-424. 2007.
  28. Karcic, Fikret. The Bosniaks and challenges of modernity: Late Ottoman and Hapsburg times, Sarajevo: El-Kalem Publishing, 1999.
  29. Kenna Len and Jordan Crystal. Indians Gallipoli and World War One Including Sikhs, Hindus, Mohammedans and Christians, Are Indians An Ethnic Minority Vols 1-5 , Australian Indian Historical Society, 2013 < gallipoli-and-world-war-one/>.
  30. Kurbet (‘Foreign Land’): the continuing journey of Albanians in Victoria, Albanian Community Photographic Collection, Melbourne: Immigration Museum, pp. 12-3, n.d.
  31. Landers Kim. Australian vets honoured with French Legion of Honour, Interview/Transcript, ABC, 2005.
  32. Korpe, Reyhan. “The Gallipoli campaign: History and legend”, eds. Antonio Sagona, Mithat Atabay, C.J. Mackie, Ian McGibbon and Richard Reid, Anzac battlefield: a Gallipoli landscape of war and memory, Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2016, 30.
  33. “Largs Bay Contingent Due For Big Welcome”, Truth (Brisbane, Qld.: 1900 - 1954), Sunday 7 October 1945, p.13.
  34. Laugesen, Amanda. ‘Language, Australian soldiers, and the First World War’, Canberra: Manning Clark House, pp. 1-10, 2014.
  35. “Left trip too late”, News (Adelaide, SA: 1923 - 1954), Tuesday 23 May 1950, p.2.
  36. “Mackay Notes”, Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld. : 1907 - 1954), Saturday 10 May 1941, p.7.
  37. Mahomet, Cass. Australia for mine! [booklet] NSW: Literary Dramatic Musical. 1920. “Malay Seaman As a British Subject”, Tribune (Sydney, NSW: 1939 - 1976), Wednesday 10 December 1947, p.6.
  38. Martinez, Julia. ‘Indigenous Australian-Indonesian intermarriage: Negotiating citizenship rights in twentieth-century Australia’, Aboriginal History, Canberra: ANU E-Press, vol. 35, pp. 179-197, 2011.
  39. “Moslem Tells Christians of Things in Common”, Northern Champion (Taree, NSW: 1913 - 1954), Tuesday 25 August 1953, p.1-7.
  40. “Mosque Has Five Members Now”, News (Adelaide, SA: 1923 - 1954), Saturday 14 February 1942, p.5.
  41. Nazir-Ali, Michael. ‘Islamic law, fundamental freedoms, and social cohesion: Retrospect and prospect’, in Rex Ahdar & Nicholas Aroney (eds.), Shari’a in the West, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  42. “News of the day”, Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) Wednesday 26 August 1914 p. 11.
  43. “Noelene Mahome and Pt Hussein Mahomet: Photo” Daily Mercury (Mackay, Qld.: 1906 - 1954), Thursday 15 January 1942, p.4.
  44. Noonan, Rodney. ‘Adelaide’s Indian Enlistees in the First AIF’, Adelaide: The South Australian Genealogist, pp. 18-9, 2007.
  45. “Roll of Honour”, Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld.: 1933 - 1954), Monday 1 April 1946, p.10.
  46. Sagona, Antonio, Atabay, Mithat, Mackie, J. C., McGibbon, Ian, and Reid, Richard. eds. ANZAC Bakersfield: A Gallipoli Landscape of War and Memory, Australia: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  47. Salam, Abdel Elfatih Abdullahi. Islamic Doctrine of Peace and War, Journal of Islam and International Affairs, Kuala Lumpur: IKIM Press, 149-165. 2003.
  48. Shnukal, Anna. ‘Torres Strait Islanders’, Multicultural Queensland 2001: 100 years, 100 communities, A century of contributions, The State of Queensland (Department of Premier and Cabinet), From: Brandle, Maximilian (ed.), Brisbane, 2001.
  49. “Service Awards”, Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld.: 1872 - 1947), Wednesday 1 August 1945, p.7.
  50. “Side Show Attraction”, Barrier Daily Truth (Broken Hill, NSW: 1908; 1941 - 1954), Saturday 20 September 1947, p.2.
  51. Soliman, E. Emad. Butterflies in fresh fields: Stories of Muslim women in Queensland, Queensland: Islamic Women’s Association of Queensland Inc, 2005.
  52. Stanley Peter. ‘Indians on Gallipoli, 1915’, The Gallipolian, UK The Journal of the Gallipoli Association, UK: The Gallipoli Association: vol. 137, pp. 48-56, 2015.
  53. “The Indian Digger”, Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954), Thursday 27 November 1930, p.2.
  54. “The Indian Digger”, Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954), Thursday 27 November 1930, p.2.
  55. “The King of the Cameleers – the rebellious patriotism of Abdul Wade,” Special report, Mojo News, (Melbourne: Monash University, 2015. the-king-of-the-cameleers-the-rebellious-patriotism-of-abdul-wade/
  56. “Unofficial History of the A.I.F. Soldiering On”, Smith’s Weekly (Sydney, NSW: 1919 - 1950), Saturday 17 August 1940, p.16.
  57. “Un Unusual Tribute”, Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), Wednesday 16 June 1937, p.12


Download data is not yet available.